New Applications of Photonics for Artificial Intelligence and Neuromorphic Computing

The University of Exeter explores the future potential for computer systems by using photonics in place of conventional electronics. Photonics, the science of generating, controlling, and detecting light, is now playing a paramount role in the future of Artificial Intelligence and Neuromorphic Computing. Just in the same way that the 20th century depended on the electron to witness advances in electronics and electricity, the 21st century relies on the photon to propel many scientific breakthro

The Future of Driving: Mercedes-Benz’s Smart MBUX Hyperscreen with Onboard AI

To get to the most important applications on the MBUX Hyperscreen, the user does not have to scroll through submenus or enter voice commands. This is why Mercedes-Benz calls the system a zero layer. The most important applications, such as navigation or telephone, are always offered situationally and contextually on the top level in the field of vision. More than 20 other functions — from the active massage programme to suggestions for the to-do list — are automatically displayed with the help

Autonomous Military Robots as Warfighters

For several years, the United States Army has been planning and developing its Multi-Domain Operations (MDO). The Army expects this to be ready by 2028 as the first step in their doctrinal evolution. The Multi-Domain Operations describes how U.S. Army forces, as part of the Joint Force, will militarily compete, penetrate, disintegrate, and exploit their adversaries in the future. Social human behavior is extremely fluid and, at times, irrational. When designing autonomous agents that will perf

Facebook’s AI Systems Identify and Remove Hate Speech

When there is more hate than love in the world, you know there is a serious problem with humanity. Facebook CTO Mike Schroepfer, said that in just a year —from the second quarter of 2019 to the second quarter of this year— the amount of hate speech that Facebook’s Artificial Intelligence (AI) systems have identified and removed has increased five-fold. Learning that the world is so driven by hate and associated negative emotions makes you wonder where the world is heading. What does Facebook’s

Top AI Trends to Watch in 2021

Artificial intelligence (AI) is impacting the future of virtually every industry and every human being on the planet. Artificial intelligence has been established as the main driver of emerging technologies such as big data, robotics, and the Internet of Things (IoT). Moving into 2021, Artificial Intelligence will continue to act as a main technological innovator for the foreseeable future. The next decade will see an unprecedented fast development and adoption of existing and emerging technolo

Neuromorphic Computing: How the Brain-Inspired Technology Powers the Next-Generation of Artificial Intelligence

As a remarkable product of evolution, the human brain has a baseline energy footprint of about 20 watts; this gives the brain the power to process complex tasks in milliseconds. Today’s CPUs and GPUs dramatically outperform the human brain for serial processing tasks. However, the process of moving data from memory to a processor and back creates latency and, in addition, expends enormous amounts of energy. Neuromorphic systems attempt to imitate how the human nervous system operates. This fiel

Human Attitudes toward the Robot in the Room

The increasing presence of robots in society calls for a deeper understanding into what attitudes humans have toward robots. People may treat robots as mechanical artifacts, or may consider them to be intentional agents. This might result in explaining robots’ behavior as stemming from operations of the mind (intentional interpretation), or as a result of mechanical design (mechanical interpretation). A quick look at the robotics industry market size research shows that robots including industr

Europe's First Artificial Intelligence Space Missions

Europe's first Artificial Intelligence Earth observation mission, ɸ-Sat-1, was successfully launched. ESA's ɸ-Sat-2 is now underway. Following ESA's successful launch of its first Artificial Intelligence (AI) Earth observation mission ɸ-Sat-1 (pronounced Phi-Sat-1), the European Space Agency (ESA) follows-up with the next innovative state-of-the-art technology: ɸ-Sat-2 (Phi-Sat-2). In another historical event to advance European space missions, on September 3, 2020, ESA launched its ɸ-Sat-1, a

Ethics of AI: Benefits and Risks of Artificial Intelligence Systems

The convergence of the availability of a vast amount of big data, the speed and stretch of cloud computing platforms, and the advancement of sophisticated machine learning algorithms have given birth to an array of innovations in Artificial Intelligence (AI). In theory, the beneficial impact of AI systems on government translates into improving healthcare services, education, and transportation in smart cities. Other applications that benefit from the implementation of AI systems in the public

Finland Launches National Artificial Intelligence Program: AuroraAI

The promise of Artificial Intelligence (AI) is no longer a concept taken from science fiction. Businesses around the world are taking advantage of AI and automation, moving the enterprise right at the center of digital business transformation. Similarly, Government AI is not just a trend but a response from governments around the globe to the current state of Artificial Intelligence evolution, societal implications, enterprise disruption, and industry adoption. National Artificial Intelligence

KrattAI: Estonia's National Artificial Intelligence Strategy

"Organizations which design systems are constrained to produce designs which are copies of the communication of these organizations." -Melvin E. Conway, Computer Scientist, Conway's Law, 1967 In Estonia, there are around 30 Artificial Intelligence (AI) solutions deployed in the Estonian public sector that were identified as active as of the beginning of June 2020. The Baltic nation aims to have at least 50 AI use cases by the end of 2020. And that is just the beginning. Estonia's AI strategy i
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